Main Article Content

Marlena Piekut

Keywords : government expenditure, household consumption, European countries, trends, socio-economic indicators

Aim: The aim of this article is to examine changes in government expenditures on household consumption in European countries and the relationship of these expenditures with socio-economic indicators. Methods: The study is based on data analysis from 36 European countries, using the Eurostat database and various rankings such as the Happiness Index, Human Development Index, Sustainable Development Goals, and Social Progress Index. The analysis focused on the trends in government expenditures on household consumption and aimed to explore the association between these expenditures and socio-economic indicators. Results: Significant changes in the share of government expenditures on household consumption in the GDP were observed among the studied countries during the period from 2011 to 2022. Some countries increased their expenditures, while others decreased them. Cluster analysis revealed four groups of countries based on the share of government expenditures on household consumption in GDP. Conclusions: There was no direct correlation between the level of government expenditures on household consumption and socio-economic indicators among the studied countries. Instead, variations in socio-economic development were observed among different groups of countries, regardless of the level of government expenditures on household consumption.

Article Details

How to Cite

Antonelli, M.A., De Bonis, V. (2019). The efficiency of social public expenditure in European countries: a two-stage analysis. Applied Economics, 51(1), 47–60. (Crossref)

Atkinson, A. B. (1995). Is the welfare state necessarily an obstacle to economic growth? European Economic Re¬view, 39(3–4), 723–730. (Crossref)

Bechtel, G. (2018). The human development index as isoe¬lastic GDP: evidence from China and Pakistan. Econo¬mies, 6(2), 32. (Crossref)

Bechtel, G., Bechtel, T. (2020). GDP and Human Develop¬ment. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8(11), 333. (Crossref)

Bjørnskov, C., Dreher, A., Fischer, J. A.V (2007). The Big¬ger the Better? Evidence of the Effect of Government Size on Life Satisfaction Around the World. Public Choice, 130, 267–292. (Crossref)

Blanchard, O., Perotti R. (2002). An Empirical Character¬ization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Govern¬ment Spending and Taxes on Output. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1329–1368. (Crossref)

Blashfield, R.K., Aldenderfer, M. S. (1988). The meth¬ods and problems of cluster analysis. In Handbook of multivariate experimental psychology. Springer US, 447–473. (Crossref)

Bornemann, A. H. (1976). The Keynesian paradigm and economic policy. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 35(2), 125–136. (Crossref)

Cyrek, M. (2019). Government social spending in the EU countries: efficiency in poverty and income inequality reduction. Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, 14(3), 405–424. (Crossref)

Di Tella, R., MacCulloch, R.J. (2005). Partisan Social Hap¬piness. Review of Economic Studies, 72, 367–393. (Crossref)

Di Tella, R., MacCulloch, R.J., Oswald, A.J. (2003). The Macroeconomics of Happiness. Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(4), 809–27. (Crossref)

Eurostat (2023). Final consumption expenditure of general government [TEC00010]. Database Eurostat [accessed 25.07.2023].

Galí, J., López-Salido, J. D., Vallés, J. (2004). Understand¬ing the Effects of Government spending on Consump-tion. European Central Bank Working Paper Series, 339. (Crossref)

Gough, I. (2016). Welfare states and environmental states: a comparative analysis. Environmental Poli¬tics, 25(1), 24–47. (Crossref)

Gough, I. (2017). Heat, greed and human need: Climate change, capitalism and sustainable wellbeing. Edward Elgar Publishing. (Crossref)

GUS (2010). Statystyka sektora instytucji rządowych i samorządowych (Statistics of government and self-government institutions). Zakład Wydawnictw Sta¬tystycznych, Warszawa.

Haque, M.I., Khan, M.R. (2019). Role of oil production and government expenditure in improving human develop-ment index: Evidence from Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9(2), 251.

Hessami, Z. (2010) The size and composition of government spending in Europe and its impact on well-being. Kyk¬los, 63(3), 346–382. (Crossref)

Helliwell, J.F., Layard, R., Sachs, J.D., De Neve, J.-E., Aknin, L. B., Wang, S. (2023). Word Happines Report 2023. Gallup, Sustainable Development Solutions Net¬work, New York.

Jorgenson, A. K. (2010). World-economic integration, supply depots, and environmental degradation: A study of ecologically unequal exchange, foreign investment dependence, and deforestation in less developed coun¬tries. Critical Sociology, 36(3), 453–477. (Crossref)

Kotakorpi, K., Laamanen, J.P. (2010). Welfare State and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Public Health Care. Economica, 77, 565–583. (Crossref)

Kutasi, G., Marton, Á. (2020). The long-term impact of public expenditures on GDP-growth. Society and Econ-omy, 42(4), 403–419. (Crossref)

Midgley, J., Livermore, M. (1998). Social capital and local economic development: Implications for community social work practice. Journal of community Prac¬tice, 5(1–2), 29–40. (Crossref)

Ouweneel, P. (2002). Social Security and Well-Being of the Unemployed in 42 Nations. Journal of Happiness Re¬search, 3, 167–92. (Crossref)

Perovic, L. M., Golem, S. (2010). Investigating macroeco¬nomic determinants of happiness in transition countries: How important is government expenditure? Eastern Eu¬ropean Economics, 48(4), 59–75. (Crossref)

Půlpánová, L.V. (2013). Understanding Government Con¬sumption. Statistika: Statistics & Economy Journal, 93(2).

Radcliff, B. (2001). Politics, Markets, and Life Satisfaction: The Political Economy of Human Happiness, American Political Science Review, 95(4), 939–952. (Crossref)

Rich, B. (2014). Mortgaging the Earth: World Bank, Envi¬ronmental Impoverishment and the crisis of develop-ment. Routledge, .

Şen, H., Kaya, A. (2014). Crowding-out or crowding-in? Analyzing the effects of government spending on pri-vate investment in Turkey. Panoeconomicus, 61(6), 631–651. (Crossref)

Spaiser, V., Ranganathan, S., Swain, R. B., Sumpter, D. J. (2017). The sustainable development oxymoron: quan-tifying and modelling the incompatibility of sustainable development goals. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 24(6), 457–470. (Crossref)

UN (2018). Promoting Inclusion Through Social Protection Report on the World Social Situation 2018. Economic and Social Affairs. UN, New York.

UNDP (2015). Human Development Report. Work for Hu¬man Development. UNDP, New York.

Veenhoven, R. (2000). Well-Being in the Welfare State: Lev¬el Not Higher, Distribution Not More Equitable. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 2, 91–112. (Crossref)

Weibel, A., Wiemann, M., Osterloh, M. (2014). A behavioral economics perspective on the overjustification effect: Crowd¬ing-in and crowding-out of intrinsic motivation. The Oxford handbook of work engagement, motivation, and self-determi¬nation theory, 72-84.



Download data is not yet available.